Obesity is defined as abnormal or excess fat accumulation in the body. Nowadays obesity is a major risk factor for Type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular, sleep apnea, arthritis, Gastroesophageal reflux, heartburn, depression, infertility, fatty liver, and so on, being overweight can hamper the ability to control or manage chronic disorders.
It is now expanding rapidly worldwide. Obesity leads to a number of health disorders. India is battling a full-blown crisis of obesity, one which is anticipated only to worsen in the years to come.
Bariatric surgery is an advanced surgical procedure that aids in weight-loss by making changes to the digestive system. It is a proven weight-loss procedure to help improve and resolve many obesity-related health disorders.
Gastric bypass is the most common of these surgeries
Procedures under Bariatric surgery Include:
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric bypass, also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, is a bariatric or weight loss surgery for obese patients who have not been successful losing weight through dieting, exercise, and medication
Sleeve gastrectomy, also referred to an as vertical sleeve, gastric sleeve or tube gastrectomy, is a surgical procedure performed for the treatment of obesity. The procedure is a restrictive bariatric surgery to treat extremely obese patients with a high BMI of 40 and above. It encourages weight loss by restricting the stomach size so it holds only a limited amount of food.
Mini Gastric Bypass
Gastric Bypass is a bariatric or weight loss surgery recommended for obese or overweight individuals who have not been successful losing weight through dieting, exercise, and medication. Weight loss is caused by reducing the stomach size and bypassing a portion of the intestines.
Single Port Bariatric Surgeries
Traditional laparoscopic surgeries use a telescopic rod attached to a video camera called a laparoscope, which is inserted through a small incision. Apart from this, 3 to 5 additional small cuts are made to insert the other surgical instruments to perform the surgery.
Biliopancreatic Diversion With Duodenal Switch
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch, or BPD-DS, is a restrictive/malabsorptive surgical procedure. It is restrictive in the sense that it “restricts” how much food the stomach can hold and is “malabsorptive” in that it affects how food and calories are absorbed into the bloodstream.
Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty
Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty is an endoscopic procedure performed for the treatment of obesity. The procedure is a restrictive bariatric procedure to treat obese patients ideally suited to patients with a BMI in the range of 28-33.